Sicily – An Island of Contrasts
One of the great benefits of touring in a motorhome with no fixed agenda or schedule is the flexibility to just stop and enjoy a place that we are passing through. Often when talking to fellow travellers or locals we will hear about such and such spot and our loose plan allows us to check it out even though it wasn’t on our radar five minutes ago.
We planned on spending a month in Sicily however this extended out to over seven weeks as there were some places we just didn’t want to pass up. Eventually we needed to leave as we’d completed the full circuit of the island and had an appointment to take Betsy back to her motorhome dealer near Turin, for some TLC (tender loving care).
It’s a bit of a cliché to say this, however Sicily is a land of contrasts. There is much to admire, love and appreciate but there are also some less than perfect aspects. We really enjoyed our time here however with so much still to see and do in Europe, we probably (never say never) won’t return for another stint.
Although seven weeks sounds like a long time, it is really only enough to scratch the surface of what there is to see and experience here. The history is so colourful and unbelievable and land so rugged and beautiful. There is a (very) brief summary of the history below. We chose to visit from late March through to early May and experienced overall nice comfortable spring weather. It wasn’t warm enough to enjoy the many fantastic beaches but that was offset by the lack of swarms of summer tourists and the sweltering summer heat. That suited us, however if beach bathing is your thing then you are best to visit a month or two later.
As you would know if you read our other blogs, we almost exclusively free camp and use some great free Apps as well as information from other travellers to find our overnight stopping spots. We had no problems doing this all around Sicily however in the high season there are more restrictions on where motorhomes can park. This is probably necessary as there is a huge influx of campers in summer and without some controls, especially around the coast, I can see there could be problems.
We have shared all of our overnight stopping spots including GPS Coordinates and notes at the end of this blog.
Fresh Drinking Water
Sicily has been one of the few places where we have had to hunt around at times to find fresh water. It may be driven by the economic crisis, however, in many towns, the public water taps had been disconnected. We never actually ran out but we had to be a little creative in our water gathering at times.
Having said that, the water, when we found it, was usually fresh and sweet. Our electric bikes and a couple of 10 litre water canisters were invaluable as it this allowed us to leave Betsy parked while we foraged far and wide for a functioning tap. One hint is that if you are struggling to find water then the local cemetery is often worth a look. Check that there are no signs advising that the water is ‘Non potable’ (not suitable for drinking), and if you intend to drink straight from your fresh water tank, you should always taste it first. If you are happy to stay in camp grounds then you won’t have the problem of water scavenging.
For us, it is all part of the game and experience of travelling on this journey we have chosen.
The roads are another slight drawback to Sicily, especially if you are in a full-sized motorhome enjoying the complete Sicily experience by avoiding the toll roads. There are places where the main road passes through kilometre after kilometre of built up towns and your right wheel is constantly just centimetres from the kerb. We were sometimes left swearing at our GPS which is supposed to know our dimensions and not send us down roads that are too narrow.
Accepted Sicilian parking behaviour dictates that you can park wherever you want and it is up to the moving cars to get around you. This means that as a 2.2m wide motorhome, we were constantly stopping for oncoming traffic to pass so that we could take our turn. It gets tiresome after a while but I reckon it would be far worse in the high season with a pile more 2.2m wide motorhomes and other holiday traffic to contend with.
Overall the condition of the roads is best described as marginal with many potholes, worn out surfaces, cracks and other defects. The south coast was much better than the north coastal roads. Obviously not a lot of money here for road maintenance. There is an Autostrada (motorway) around most of Sicily, however, we mostly kept off this, partly to avoid the cost but also as you just don’t see as much of the country travelling on these.
We mainly stuck close to the coast so can’t comment on how the roads crossing Sicily may be but some of them certainly looked narrow and windy (according to the infallible Google Maps). From the roads we encountered when we did venture inland, they too were quite narrow.
Sicilian food is great. It has unique characteristics compared to the rest of Italy. It is fresh, it is tasty and it is healthy (for the most part). We enjoyed a Sicilian Cooking Class at Mama Corleone Cooking School while in Palermo and learned some great dishes which we have continued to cook.
The eggplant involtini was also really tasty and was just slices of fried egg plant, rolled around a stuffing of breadcrumbs, chopped ham, grated local cheese, and olive oil. This is then placed in a baking dish, covered with tomato passata and cheese and cooked in the oven until the cheese is nicely melted.
Sicily also contributed dishes such as Arancini to world cuisine. These are balls of rice flavoured with saffron, filled with either ham and cheese or ragu (tomato meat sauce and cheese), then dipped in bread crumbs and lightly deep fried. Their most famous desert seems to be Cannoli, which look a lot like brandy snaps with a sweet, crunchy biscuit shell, stuffed with a ricotta and cream mixture.
While in the small seaside town of Licata, we enjoyed our first ever experience of dining at a Two Star Michelin Restaurant. To read more, click here two-star-michelihttp://travel-cook-eat.com/italian-n-restaurant/.
Unfortunately, when talking about Sicily, its hard not to mention the rubbish, because it is just such a visual feature of the landscape in many areas. From our experience, Palermo is the worst with enormous piles of garbage accumulated at the side of the road. It was sad and disturbing that the people of Sicily would participate in defacing their country like this and that the local government couldn’t collect the rubbish within a reasonable timeframe, or control the problem. In Caltagirone we witnessed a respectable looking woman pull up to the side of the road and start to unload plastic bags of garbage onto a clear sidewalk. There happened to be council garbage collection man in a small truck who clearly took her to task about what she was doing. After much waving of hands and raised voices they unloaded her small hatchback boot, back and front seats of at least 16 bags of garbage and put them directly into the garbage truck. Maybe when you grow up with this it seems normal but to us, and any other visitors we spoke to, the amount of rubbish was quite unbelievable.
Outstanding in Sicily
So what really stood out in Sicily?
For me, that would have to be the churches or cathedrals and the archaeological history.
To say that the churches are amazing just doesn’t do them justice. Nearly every major town we visited boasted a Basilica or Cathedrale that was not only spectacular but also managed to be markedly different to the others. Monreale Cathedral, near Palermo, stands out due to the magnificence of the thousands of square metres of religious mosaics and beautiful Baroque style marblework. Erice, perched high on the Mountain of God, also deserves a mention with so many stunning churches in such a small town perched high on a mountain. Milazzo, Palermo, Cefalu, Siracusa, Ragusa, Catania…. the list of cities with amazing churches goes on and on. We have included photos of some of the best later in this blog.
After growing up in New Zealand, a country with a very short history, trying to digest and appreciate the impact of the various cultures that have conquered, occupied and shaped Sicily over a 3,000 year period takes a fair bit of effort.
Just in case you are interested and want to get a feel for what this place has been through, here follows a very brief history of Sicily. I have tried to keep it short and interesting however if this sort of thing bores you, then just skip the next section.
Sicily – A Brief History
15th Century BC (that is about 3,500 years ago!) – Sicily is settled by three tribes, The Elmians, The Sicani and lastly the Sicel. The name Sicily is derived from the names of the latter two tribes.
11th Century BC – The Phoenicians began colonising the western part of the island, building important cities including what was later to become Palermo. The powerful Phoenician city-state of Carthage in modern Tunisia controlled and protected the Phoenician interests here.
8th – 4th Century BC – The Greeks began founding towns/cities around eastern and southern Sicily as part of their cunning plan of expanding Greek influence. The cities were fortified and sited at regular intervals so that they could communicate with, and support each other. We had previously just been in Crete, so to hear that Cretans from towns we had visited were among those early settlers was fascinating. The existing inhabitants were pretty much absorbed into this new strong culture. Syracuse became the most populous Greek city in the world in the 3rd Century BC and the great temples, theatres and monuments that remain today were built during this period of relative prosperity and cultural enlightenment.
The Greek and Phoenician settlements co-existed for many centuries albeit with regular wars and sacking of each other’s cities. Mind you, the cities ended up being governed as separate city-states and you would often find two of the Greek cities scrapping it out with each other on the battlefields, sometimes with help from the Carthaginians on one side or the other.
Around 3rd Century BC, the Romans stepped in, and had a go at the Carthaginians, finally taking control by 242BC. Most of the cities of Sicily then rebelled and tried to kick the Romans out however by the end of the Second Punic War around 210BC it was all over rover and the Romans were in charge for the next 600 years.
200 BC – 400 AD – not much of note happened over this time. The Romans just used Sicily as their ‘bread basket’ to grow grain for the empire. The lands were owned by distant Roman landlords and as little effort was made by the Romans to ‘Romanize’ Sicily, the culture remained mainly Greek.
468 AD – the Vandals, a Germanic tribe responsible for trashing Rome, conquered Sicily but only had it for 8 years before it was briefly held by the Goths who were then thrown out by the remains of the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantines. In spite of various rebellions and infighting, the Byzantines had a good run at ruling until around 826AD when the Arabs invaded and over the next hundred years gradually knocked off all of the Byzantine strongholds.
900 – 1086 AD – Although under Muslim rule over this period, it was not a happy time for them as the Byzantine Christians rebelled and revolted regularly and generally made life difficult. The Arabs did, however, leave a great legacy of North African foods and cooking techniques that help make Sicilian cuisine distinct from the rest of Italy.
1091 – 1194 AD – The Normans, still buzzing after thrashing the English at the Battle of Hastings took control with help of the Vikings and brought in a golden age for Sicily. The Norman kings governed wisely and encouraged immigration from strongly Roman Catholic countries, such that Sicily has strongly followed that faith to this day. The spectacular cathedrals that we saw at Monreale, Palermo, Cefalu, Erice etc are primarily due to this prosperous and benevolent period. Many castles and other fortifications also remain from this period.
The next few hundred years was a real mess with various kings, wars, and rebellions which saw Sicily bounced around between the Angevins, the Aragonese, the Spanish and the Bourbons without a lot of concern for what the locals wanted. Eventually, the much revered and loved Garibaldi landed with an army of 1,000 men to sort out the Spanish. Garibaldi conquered all before him and his army grew as more of the countryside rose up to support him. Sicily was effectively united with Italy in 1860. Wherever you go in Sicily, you find Via Garibaldi’s (Garibaldi Roads) and statues and monuments to him.
Whilst Sicily’s culture results from the amalgamation of many civilisations over nearly three thousand years, the modern day appearance of the cities and settlements also owes much to the forces of mother nature. Earthquakes have had a massive impact on Sicily even up until relatively recent times when in 1908 a huge quake just off the coast of Messina saw over 90% of its buildings destroyed and some 80,000 people killed. Messina now lacks the heritage of old structures we saw elsewhere.
Although they were disastrous at the time, the earthquakes also led to some of Sicily’s most valuable and unique current architectural treasures. In 1693, an earthquake virtually levelled the cities in southeastern Sicily and wiped out 100,000 civilians. The cities of Catania, Ragusa, and Notto, for example were flattened. In an amazing display of unity and cooperation, these cities were rebuilt by modifying and adapting the Baroque style of the day to construct the now famous Baroque towns of this region.
In some cases, a new town was built beside the old one. For example in Ragusa, the neighbouring hill was used for the new site however the old one was rebuilt in any case and is known as Ragussa Ibla
How can anyone ignore that massive growth on the southwest edge of Sicily called Mount Etna?
Able to be seen from the other side of the island, this impressive active volcano lets off steam and ash every couple of weeks. She continues to blow out lava regularly with decent eruptions about every ten years, which have spawned a series of lateral craters down her slopes. The surrounding towns are quite used to shovelling ash as well as snow off their paths and roofs.
Catania is the nearest big city and although it has never suffered serious damage, one historical eruption sent lava right up to the city walls. The walls were designed to repel foreign invaders but played another role of turning away the stream of liquid rock.
On driving up Mt. Etna, the vegetation rapidly gives way to weathered lava flows and becomes increasingly desolate and inhospitable the higher we climb.
The view in the morning from the car park was worth getting up early for.
We then scrambled into the 4WD Unimogs with Ruth being cheeky enough to ask if she could sit in the front passenger seat so she could take some video. We crawled up a steep narrow gravel track into the heavy snow country and beside the two gaping lateral craters that had formed during the 2002 eruption.
I had hoped to see some spewing lava, steaming geysers and smoking vents but alas, that was not to be seen at this level. There are other expeditions up to the summit where that is no doubt the norm, however, that was not for us today.
The Valley of the Temples
With so many ancient archaeological sites to see we were inclined to get a little ‘ruin weary’ so we drove past the road that led to the ancient Greek city of Selunite, one of the largest archaeological sites in the world.
That was a shame and I regret not experiencing it. However, The Valley of the Temples, was one place we did visit which will stick in the memory forever (or at least until advanced dementia kicks in).
Who would have envisaged this stretch of land, near the ancient Greek city of Agrigento, would be littered with the ruins of a dozen or more temples dating back to the Greek occupation?
We were able to wake up at our parking spot and watch the sun rising through the 2,500-year-old ruins
Later in the day we walked along the ancient fortifications and admired the temple structures from close up. The Temple of Concordia is the most complete of the temples mainly due to it being re-purposed as a Basilica in the early Christian days. Other structures are less complete but still magnificent reminders of what once was.
The remains of the massive Temple of Zeus cover an enormous area and was said to rival the temple at the Acropolis in Athens in size and grandeur. Apparently, a man could stand within each of the flutes of the main columns, and between each stood a colossal statue of Atlas some 7.5m high. This was never quite completed and walking around the site today, it is hard to picture the ‘nearly finished temple’ over 2,500 years ago. In the Agrigento Museum there is a model showing how it is believed to have looked.
One sad fact is that right up until the 18th century, rock from the ruins was still being taken and reused in other building projects meaning that large parts of the structures are now gone forever.
Whether you call them Churches, Cathedrals or Basilicas, Sicily is home to a vast number of these beautiful buildings.
Many of the churches have their origin in the Norman or Byzantine times however restorations over the last centuries have bestowed upon them unique features and styles so that no two appeared alike.
The ABC of Europe (Another Bloody Church) could have been our reaction around Sicily, however, every one offered new things to see, appreciate and wonder over.
Below is a selection of photos from some of the churches that impressed us the most.
Our Stopping Places
We stayed in a total 20 places around Sicily and had no problems with locals, police or other wildlife at any of them. We only stayed at one camping ground (when we had family visiting), and paid a small amount for parking at two other spots. There are likely to be stricter restrictions staying at many of these places during the summer months so be careful.
Here are the GPS coordinates and a brief description of each of our overnight stops.
Messina ( 38.23256, 15.57133)
We stayed here after arriving on the ferry from the mainland. This is a parking area by the sea a few kilometres north of the ferry terminal. It is beside the main road so there is some traffic noise. A freshwater fountain about 800m back towards the ferry is a good source of excellent water.
Capo Milazzo ( 38.2652, 15.23777 )
There are some larger slots near the end of the main carparks which fit a moho nicely. The views from here are fantastic and Mt Etna can be seen clearly. Walking further down and to the end of the cape is recommended. No services except rubbish bins.
Oliveti Beach (38.12869, 15.05817)
A bit unfriendly feeling place for free camping motorhomes with a lot of ‘no camper’ signs and height restrictions on car park entries. There are several camping grounds available so they are wanting people to use these. We found a car park with no barriers and stayed here for one night. We found a public water tap in town on the left just after passing under the bridge. The water flow rate was slow though but the locals friendly. We were given Pasquale (Easter) biscuits which are hard boiled eggs, wrapped in sweet biscuit dough, baked then decorated with icing.
San Georgio (38.17555, 14.94515)
A few places for mohos to park up here just 50m from the beach. Along the actual beach were some ‘no camper’ signs. There are water fountains here but the water is salty. A nice place with a strong history of tuna fishing.
Acquedolchi (38.06162, 14.59513)
Strange that the name literally means Sweet Water but there were no functioning public water taps or fountains to be found anywhere in town. The parking is along the road beside the beach with loads of space. There are showers but they weren’t working when we were there. The local police came down to check that no-one was exhibiting ‘camping behaviour’. We were thankful it didn’t rain because driving back up on the slippery cobblestone street could to the main road have proven challenging.
Cefalu Marina (38.03942, 14.0316)
You can park in town for €20 or for free on the marina adjacent to the café then walk or cycle into town. The business of the marina just seems to carry on around you without anyone being too concerned. Cefula has a wonderful old world feel about it, very cool buildings and a great history.
Palermo (38.1977, 13.28098)
Camping Ground. Adequate camping ground but we don’t really like going into these places. They allowed us to leave Betsy on site for €10 per night while we spent three nights in an Air BnB in Palermo.
Capa San Vito (38.17498, 12.76962)
This is apparently a real tourist hot spot in the summer but was quiet when we arrived. The main car parks in town had closed for the winter. We drove out of town and found this picturesque spot beside an ancient watch tower out on the point.
Erice (38.04165, 12.5875)
Well worth the climb up a windy mountain road to reach this small car park just outside one of the ancient city gates. Erice is one of our favourite spot in Sicily and the views are spectacular. No services other than rubbish. There may be a charge in summer. There is a blog just for Erice here.
Marsala Saline del Stagnone (37.86191, 12.48546)
This is a signposted free camper park adjacent to the salt museum and windmills. No services but a handy overnight stop and reasonably quiet.
Sciacca (37.50512, 13.0800)
A good stopping place down on the fishing dock, however, may be little smelly depending on what is around you. Rubbish only available here but handy for exploring this pretty fishing settlement.
Agrigento (37.28872, 13.5840)
This is a restaurant/accommodation that allows campers to park overnight for €5. Very close to the Valley of the Temples and we couldn’t find anywhere closer. They have a hose which we used to fill our tanks.
Licata Car Park (37.10425, 13.9399)
We spent the night in this central car park. A little noisy with cars passing through and could be potential for unwelcome visitors however we had an uneventful night here. We stayed here so we could visit ‘La Madre’ which is the only Two Michelin Star rated restaurant we have ever been to.
Caltagirone (37.20503, 14.51349)
We found this small car park off the main road which is a little overgrown and unloved but was reasonably quiet and felt safe enough. It is a little out of the main town and are other parking areas closer in, including where we parked the next day for exploring. Caltagirone is the first of the Baroque towns that we visited and is famous for the Scala di Santa Maria del Monte stairs which run up the hills and divide the town. These are richly decorated with ceramic tiles at each step.
Piazza Armerina (37.38022, 14.36725)
The stopping place here is in a parking area for the sports stadium and just off the main road. No parking restrictions were seen. The view of the Baroque town from here is fantastic and there is a great public fountain not far but down a really steep road.
Ragusa (36.91435, 14.72744)
Ragusa is another fantastic Baroque town with the new Ragusa built on the hill beside the original Ibla Ragusa. The public carpark is in the newer part and is generally quiet and motorhome-friendly, however, there are two entrances and one takes you through some lower hanging branches. Try the entry directly off the road rather than through the car parking area. There is a full camper service spot less than a kilometre from here and one day we were cheeky enough to do our washing and hang it out to dry in this area.
Noto (36.89502, 15.06822)
The new Noto is very touristy but this car park welcomes motorhomes and is close to a supermarket and the town. On a slope but not too steep.
Old Noto (36.94642, 15.02305)
Very interesting place but the road in is really only one lane and if you have a big moho it’s not for the faint hearted. The parking area directly outside the ancient walls is sloped.
Syracusa Marina (37.06915, 15.29141)
Lots of moho’s parked here on this beautiful marina so you should have company. Syracusa is another wonderful Baroque town and is on the must see list for nearly all Sicily visitors. We bought 2kg of juicy, tasty, fresh mussels off a boat which landed directly in front of Betsy.
We spread ourselves around a little in Catania, mostly crashing in shopping complex car parks. The Lidl car park (37.47375, 15.04763) was quiet and convenient. The guard at the Auchan car park at Misterbianco (37.51332, 15.02221) was going to kick us out at 11.00pm but allowed us to stay. We also spent two nights outside Decathlon (37.46863, 15.04729) while we got our e-bikes replaced with new ones free of charge (that’s another story). We were able to fill water containers in the bathrooms in the mall. A bit of a nomadic time doing car park surfing but quite relaxing overall.
Mt Etna ( 7.69931, 15.00043)
A large area for camper parking at the top car park but also high demand. Arrive in the late afternoon or early evening for the best shot at finding a slot. The cost is €12 and the tickets are bought from the kiosk. Views, as one would expect, are stunning from up here.
Taormina (37.84866, 15.28673)
A really nice parking area with a view over the sea and not too far to cycle up to the historic town. We even managed to get our washing done and dry here. No services except rubbish and water was hard to find.